Elements in Crystals

The Periodic Table, Celebrated Through Crystals!

The United Nations declared 2019 the International Year of the Periodic Table. Scientists around the world celebrated with a variety of events. The CCDC partnered with the British Crystallographic Association to celebrate the way we know best: with crystal structures!

Each element in the Periodic Table has a dedicated webpage, where you can find more information and fun facts about the element as well as a crystal structure to celebrate it. Crystals, indeed, contain different numbers and types of elements from the periodic table ordered in 3 dimensions. The Elements in Crystals project aims to let you see inside those crystals and to celebrate the amazing science that has been made possible through crystallography and the periodic table. Click through the elements on the table below to learn more about each one!

For answers to some common questions about this project, see our FAQ.


Continue exploring the periodic table and learn more about elements and the crystal structures where you can find them with a collection of short videos. In these videos you will explore the periodic table to find elements from science fiction (do they really exist?), discover facts and trivia about elements and crystal structures, and more!

Coloured by Element Frequency

Periodic Table key
  1. I

    H

    1.01

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Hydrogen

    1

    1.01

    nonmetal

    37628455

  2. He

    4

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Helium

    2

    4

    noble gas

    1

  3. II

    Li

    6.94

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Lithium

    3

    6.94

    alkali metal

    29180

  4. Be

    9.01

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Beryllium

    4

    9.01

    alkaline earth metal

    1212

  5. B

    10.81

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Boron

    5

    10.81

    metalloid

    223990

  6. C

    12.01

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Carbon

    6

    12.01

    nonmetal

    32727832

  7. N

    14.01

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Nitrogen

    7

    14.01

    nonmetal

    3624650

  8. O

    16

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Oxygen

    8

    16

    nonmetal

    6317688

  9. F

    19

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Fluorine

    9

    19

    halogen

    1124235

  10. Ne

    20.18

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Neon

    10

    20.18

    noble gas

    20

  11. III

    Na

    22.99

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Sodium

    11

    22.99

    alkali metal

    34913

  12. Mg

    24.31

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Magnesium

    12

    24.31

    alkaline earth metal

    11860

  13. Al

    26.98

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Aluminum

    13

    26.98

    metal

    24592

  14. Si

    28.09

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Silicon

    14

    28.09

    metalloid

    165644

  15. P

    30.97

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Phosphorus

    15

    30.97

    nonmetal

    419565

  16. S

    32.07

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Sulphur

    16

    32.07

    nonmetal

    607895

  17. Cl

    35.45

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Chlorine

    17

    35.45

    halogen

    661189

  18. Ar

    39.95

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Argon

    18

    39.95

    noble gas

    34

  19. IV

    K

    39.1

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Potassium

    19

    39.1

    alkali metal

    30944

  20. Ca

    40.08

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Calcium

    20

    40.08

    alkaline earth metal

    9090

  21. Sc

    44.96

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Scandium

    21

    44.96

    transition metal

    3159

  22. Ti

    47.87

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Titanium

    22

    47.87

    transition metal

    21265

  23. Ti

    50.94

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Vanadium

    23

    50.94

    transition metal

    33218

  24. Cr

    52

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Chromium

    24

    52

    transition metal

    21082

  25. Mn

    54.94

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Manganese

    25

    54.94

    transition metal

    72660

  26. Fe

    55.85

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Iron

    26

    55.85

    transition metal

    112183

  27. Co

    58.93

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Cobalt

    27

    58.93

    transition metal

    103459

  28. Ni

    58.69

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Nickel

    28

    58.69

    transition metal

    80789

  29. Cu

    63.55

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Copper

    29

    63.55

    transition metal

    215833

  30. Zn

    65.38

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Zinc

    30

    65.38

    transition metal

    121884

  31. .Ga

    69.72

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Gallium

    31

    69.72

    metal

    15310

  32. Ge

    72.64

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Germanium

    32

    72.64

    metalloid

    17520

  33. As

    74.92

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Arsenic

    33

    74.92

    metalloid

    17550

  34. Se

    78.96

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Selenium

    34

    78.96

    nonmetal

    51398

  35. Br

    79.9

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Bromide

    35

    79.9

    halogen

    138716

  36. Kr

    83.8

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Krypton

    36

    83.8

    noble gas

    13

  37. V

    Rb

    85.47

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Rubidium

    37

    85.47

    alkali metal

    3977

  38. Sr

    87.62

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Strontium

    38

    87.62

    alkaline earth metal

    4919

  39. Y

    88.91

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Yttrium

    39

    88.91

    transition metal

    8519

  40. Zr

    91.22

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Zirconium

    40

    91.22

    transition metal

    19041

  41. Nb

    92.91

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Niobium

    41

    92.91

    transition metal

    6521

  42. Mo

    95.96

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Molybdenum

    42

    95.96

    transition metal

    90509

  43. Tc

    [98]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Technetium

    43

    [98]

    transition metal

    1238

  44. Ru

    101.07

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Ruthenium

    44

    101.07

    transition metal

    57521

  45. Rh

    102.91

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Rhodium

    45

    102.91

    transition metal

    25795

  46. Pd

    106.42

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Palladium

    46

    106.42

    transition metal

    42980

  47. Ag

    107.87

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Silver

    47

    107.87

    transition metal

    82801

  48. Cd

    112.41

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Cadmium

    48

    112.41

    transition metal

    68027

  49. In

    114.82

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Indium

    49

    114.82

    metal

    12072

  50. Sn

    118.71

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Tin

    50

    118.71

    metal

    33492

  51. Sb

    121.76

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Antimony

    51

    121.76

    metalloid

    17619

  52. Te

    127.6

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Tellurium

    52

    127.6

    metalloid

    13673

  53. I

    126.9

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Iodine

    53

    126.9

    halogen

    99004

  54. Xe

    131.29

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Xenon

    54

    131.29

    noble gas

    99

  55. VI

    Cs

    132.91

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Cesium

    55

    132.91

    alkali metal

    6021

  56. Ba

    137.33

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Barium

    56

    137.33

    alkaline earth metal

    7096

  57. La

    138.91

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Lanthanum

    57

    138.91

    lanthanoid

    11031

  58. Ce

    140.12

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Cerium

    58

    140.12

    lanthanoid

    7456

  59. Pr

    140.91

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Praseodymium

    59

    140.91

    lanthanoid

    7019

  60. Nd

    144.24

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Neodymium

    60

    144.24

    lanthanoid

    10886

  61. Pm

    [145]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Promethium

    61

    [145]

    lanthanoid

    3

  62. Sm

    150.36

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Samarium

    62

    150.36

    lanthanoid

    10109

  63. Eu

    151.96

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Europium

    63

    151.96

    lanthanoid

    14865

  64. Gd

    157.25

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Gadolinium

    64

    157.25

    lanthanoid

    13649

  65. Td

    158.93

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Terbium

    65

    158.93

    lanthanoid

    11835

  66. Dy

    162.5

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Dysprosium

    66

    162.5

    lanthanoid

    13022

  67. Ho

    164.93

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Holmium

    67

    164.93

    lanthanoid

    4453

  68. Er

    167.26

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Erbium

    68

    167.26

    lanthanoid

    7811

  69. Tm

    168.93

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Thulium

    69

    168.93

    lanthanoid

    1666

  70. Yb

    173.05

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Ytterbium

    70

    173.05

    lanthanoid

    7668

  71. Lu

    174.97

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Lutetium

    71

    174.97

    transition metal

    2555

  72. Hf

    178.49

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Hafnium

    72

    178.49

    transition metal

    3005

  73. Ta

    180.95

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Tantalum

    73

    180.95

    transition metal

    4039

  74. W

    183.84

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Tungsten

    74

    183.84

    transition metal

    90557

  75. Re

    186.21

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Rhenium

    75

    186.21

    transition metal

    21797

  76. Os

    190.23

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Osmium

    76

    190.23

    transition metal

    16778

  77. Ir

    192.22

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Iridium

    77

    192.22

    transition metal

    17755

  78. Pt

    195.08

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Platinum

    78

    195.08

    transition metal

    33720

  79. Au

    196.97

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Gold

    79

    196.97

    transition metal

    31217

  80. Hg

    200.59

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Mercury

    80

    200.59

    transition metal

    14070

  81. Tl

    204.38

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Thallium

    81

    204.38

    metal

    3217

  82. Pb

    207.2

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Lead

    82

    207.2

    metal

    18370

  83. Bi

    208.98

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Bismuth

    83

    208.98

    metal

    9835

  84. Po

    [209]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Polonium

    84

    [209]

    metalloid

    0

  85. At

    [210]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Astatine

    85

    [210]

    halogen

    0

  86. Rn

    [222]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Radon

    86

    [222]

    noble gas

    0

  87. VII

    Fr

    [223]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Francium

    87

    [223]

    alkali metal

    0

  88. Ra

    [226]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Radium

    88

    [226]

    alkaline earth metal

    0

  89. Ac

    [227]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Actinium

    89

    [227]

    actinoid

    0

  90. Th

    232.04

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Thorium

    90

    232.04

    actinoid

    1866

  91. Pa

    231.04

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Protactinium

    91

    231.04

    actinoid

    17

  92. U

    238.03

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Uranium

    92

    238.03

    actinoid

    17239

  93. Np

    [237]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Neptunium

    93

    [237]

    actinoid

    618

  94. Pu

    [244]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Plutonium

    94

    [244]

    actinoid

    339

  95. Am

    [243]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Americium

    95

    [243]

    actinoid

    49

  96. Cm

    [247]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Curium

    96

    [247]

    actinoid

    7

  97. Bk

    [247]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Berkelium

    97

    [247]

    actinoid

    7

  98. Cf

    [251]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Californium

    98

    [251]

    actinoid

    6

  99. Es

    [252]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Einsteinium

    99

    [252]

    actinoid

    0

  100. Fm

    [257]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Fermium

    100

    [257]

    actinoid

    0

  101. Md

    [258]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Mendelevium

    101

    [258]

    actinoid

    0

  102. No

    [259]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Nobelium

    102

    [259]

    actinoid

    0

  103. Lr

    [262]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Lawrencium

    103

    [262]

    actinoid

    0

  104. Rf

    [267]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Rutherfordium

    104

    [267]

    transition metal

    0

  105. Db

    [268]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Dubnium

    105

    [268]

    transition metal

    0

  106. Sg

    [271]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Seaborgium

    106

    [271]

    transition metal

    0

  107. Bh

    [272]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Bohrium

    107

    [272]

    transition metal

    0

  108. Hs

    [270]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Hassium

    108

    [270]

    transition metal

    0

  109. Mt

    [276]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Meitnerium

    109

    [276]

    transition metal

    0

  110. Ds

    [281]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Darmstadtium

    110

    [281]

    transition metal

    0

  111. Rg

    [280]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Roentgenium

    111

    [280]

    transition metal

    0

  112. Cn

    [285]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Copernicium

    112

    [285]

    transition metal

    0

  113. Cn

    [284]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Nihonium

    113

    [284]

    metal

    0

  114. Fl

    [289]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Flerovium

    114

    [289]

    metal

    0

  115. Mc

    [288]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Moscovium

    115

    [288]

    metal

    0

  116. Lv

    [293]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Livermorium

    116

    [293]

    metal

    0

  117. Ts

    [294]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Tennessine

    117

    [294]

    halogen

    0

  118. Og

    [294]

    Name:

    Atomic number:

    Atomic mass:

    Type:

    Count

    Oganesson

    118

    [294]

    noble gas

    0

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The Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) is a database of nearly 1 million organic and metal organic crystal structures. The database entries contain many different element types and the diversity of different element types that can been found in these structures has increased over the decades. This periodic table is colour-coded to show the amount of each element present in the structures of the CSD.