This material has been donated by expert crystallographers and educators to help others teach the wonders of crystallography. Although it is hosted by the CCDC to help provide our community with resources to teach crystallography it has not been peer reviewed or checked and should be used at your own risk and discretion.

By downloading any of the files below you are agreeing to cite both the author and the institution given in brackets when you use any of these resources.


Online Courses

  • The structural model - Chapter 8 of the Crystallography website from CSIC's Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology (from Prof. Martin Martinez-Ripoll)
    • The content of this website is available in English and in Spanish (at this link)
    • CitationIf you intend to use this resource in a classroom settingyou must agree to cite the resource following the instructions within the website homepage.
    • Topics: The structural model, Model validation, Degree of reliability of the model, The absolute configuration (or absolute stereochemistry), The final result, Graphical representation of the model

Practice Problems