“So Long, Long Bond?”
June 18, 2015
After more than 40 years, the long C-C bond in 5-cyano-1,3-didehydroadamantane (CTCDEC) has been re-determined. The long bond between the bridgehead carbon atoms in the cyclopropane ring was originally reported in the paper by C.S.Gibbons and J.Trotter. At 1.643(4) Å in length, it has been used as an example of a long C-C bond and is highlighted here by the yellow spheres.
If we overlay the two structures, with yellow as the new bond, we can just about see the 0.059 Å difference in bond length. This may sound like a very small difference, but when we look at the Mogul plots we can see what a large difference this makes.
Mogul allows us to compare this bond length with others in a similar environment that have been experimentally determined by X-ray-crystallography. When I ran the analysis on the original bond length it appears significantly longer than all others from similar fragments in the CSD. The one bit of green that can be seen at this length is for the structure itself in the CSD. Perhaps it should not be surprising that theoretical calculations struggle to predict such a long bond length when it is so far outside what has been experimentally determined elsewhere?
This paper highlights how re-determination of an old structure can shed light on computational problems and while 5-cyano-1,3-didehydroadamantane may still be an unusual molecule, perhaps it is not quite as unusual as originally thought.
1. C.S.Gibbons, J.Trotter, Can.J.Chem., (1973), 51, 87 10.1139/v73-012
2. M. Bremer, H. Untenecker, P. A. Gunchenko, A. A. Fokin, and P. R. Schreiner, J. Org. Chem., (2015), 10.1021/acs.joc.5b00845
3. I. J. Bruno, J. C. Cole, M. Kessler, Jie Luo, W. D. S. Motherwell, L. H. Purkis, B. R. Smith, R. Taylor, R. I. Cooper, S. E. Harris and A. G. Orpen, J. Chem. Inf. Comput. Sci., (2004), 44, 2133 10.1021/ci049780b
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