First discovered in 1791, Titanium was named after the Titans from Greek mythology. Titanium has a vast number of uses across a wide range of different areas including in medicine, jewellery, manufacturing and the chemical industry. Titanium is a very strong and lightweight metal and is often combined with other metals to form alloys. Important parts in lots of different vehicles, including aeroplanes and spacecraft, are made out of Titanium alloys. Compounds containing Titanium also have a wide range of applications. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is commonly used as a white pigment in products such as toothpaste, paint and plastics. It is also added to some sunscreens to absorb harmful UV radiation. Titanium nitrides and carbides are extremely hard - thin layers of these materials are applied to the outside of cutting tools and drill bits to protect them. Titanium-containing compounds are also used as catalysts to help speed up chemical reactions. In 1963, the Nobel prize for Chemistry was awarded to Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta for their work involving Titanium-containing catalysts.
More info about the International Year of the Periodic Table (IYPT) in crystals project:
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