Nobelium is one of the 25 elements that have yet to be observed in a crystal structure. It is a synthetic element, which means it does not occur naturally on earth. It has a controversial history as at various times in history Sweden, USA and the Soviet Union laid claim to being the first to discover it. It is usually made by smashing atoms of californium and carbon together. The crystal chosen for Nobelium is nitroglycerin which is a key component of dynamite and also found in pharmaceuticals. Alfred Nobel, after whom this element is named, was the inventor of dynamite and the money he made from this has been bequeathed to the Nobel Prizes.
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