Manganese has a very close relationship with iron, in fact they are next to each other in the periodic table! This also goes back to when the Greeks first described Manganese, two materials had been discovered in the city of Magnesia, both called 'magnes' but separated by the masculine or feminine form of the word. The masculine one was known to attract iron and the feminine one was use to colour glass. As we now know that Manganese isn't magnetic, then the feminine form of magnes is thought to have been a Manganese oxide (with the masculine one being an iron oxide). Manganese continues to be vital for steel production, as it is able to help remove impurities such as oxygen and sulfur. So next time you cross a steel-braced bridge, you can thank Manganese for keeping it strong for you. As well as forming minerals like Coronadite, Manganese is also present in other metal-organic structures. The structure of a nano-sized magnetic molecular wheel containing Manganese (CSD Entry: VIVCOV) is displayed in the visualiser below.
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